EFFECTS OF FARMERS HERDERS CRISIS ON FOOD SECURITY IN IJUMU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KOGI STATE
This study examines the effects of farmer-herder crisis on food security in Ijumu Local Government as a case study. The specific objectives of this study include to identify the causes, effects and scoping strategy of farmers-herders crisis in food security. A well-structured questionnaire was used to obtain the data from 195 respondents using simple random sampling technique. In addition, Focused Group discussion was used to elicit the opinions of both farmers and herders on the subject matter. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the analysis of the data. Results show that the major cause of the crisis is competition over arable lands for farming and grazing and compete for water especially in the dry season as opined by 88.72% of the respondents. The study also revealed that affected farmers are unable to access their farms mainly due to fear which have caused food shortage and hunger in such household. The study further revealed that the farmers’ standard of living has been greatly affected as affirmed by 77.9% of the respondents. The chi-square result show that there is a significant negative effects of the crisis on food security in Ijumu L.G.A with a table value of 3.84 and a calculated value of 168.005. Based on the findings, the study recommends that the Kogi state government should encourage agro-pastoralism to reduce the dependence on farm crops to feed their cow’s mostly in the dry season to avoid future occurrence of such crisis between the farmer – herder in the country.
0 08 Nov, 2021
key Words: Keywords: farmer, herder, crises, food, insecurity
Key Contributors: Idakwoji M.L1, Simon D2; Akanle T.F3; Ademu Samuel4